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I want to make myself a press similar or identical to the one I have seen on Gavin’s video (somewhere ).Can anyone here explain the maths and physics in springs ,in layman terms , so that I can go and choose one and calculate the pressure my press will exert etc.
There is a law in Physics called Hook’s Law that says:
F = k*x
F is the force applied to the end of the spring away from the force applied. This works for compression as well as stretching. Think of the press as the part applying the force and the follower in the mold as the part getting force from the spring. The formula assumes that the spring is horizontal, but it works just as well vertically. Consider that at rest, the value F = 0 because x = 0 (the product of 0 and any number is 0).
We could calculate the “k” in a spring by applying a varying forces to the spring on a scale, measuring the compression distance and doing the arthritic (k = F/x). Note that you should take several measurements to verify this. k is known as Hook’s Constant (it’s not that physicists can’t spell, C stands for something else) and if you look for a spring online, it’s sometimes called “rate” and it’ll probably be measured in pounds/inch.
All that is a very technical way of saying that when a compression spring is pressed, the force on the other end is directly proportional to the distance of compression (in Math and physics, we say that this relationship is linear). This is why some cheese presses have little rulers on them.
If you live in a part of the world that uses metric, the units are: F is in Newtons, x is in centimeters or meters and k is in Newtons/meter.RichardGuest
A quick, cheap, and easy cheese press and mold is a spring form pan, some butter muslin (or a cotton tea towel), a couple of cutting/chopping boards, a 12 pack of full soda cans, and plastic cooking oil jugs full of water (I used a 2L and 8L). For a follower I used a soup bowl, and a plate that fit inside and on top of the bottom the spring form. The spring form is inverted and the bottom plate is allowed to float. I placed the whole apparatus on a baking sheet with a cooling rack. It managed to press 2lbs of queso blanco with 25lbs of weight for 4 hours without a problem.R BlumGuest
I just used a scale to set my spring weight. Just pressed some cheddar at 50 lbs.